Even complicated and confusing topics will be easily developed and covered if you request our help writing an essay. Place an order today!

Hi, I am looking for someone to write an article on penal station objectives Paper must be at least 2000 words. Please, no plagiarized work! The first penal station was established at Newcastle in 1804 and the convicts were put to labor mining for coal and cutting cedar tree. However, with the settlements of the Hunter Valley with colonists, Newcastle was no longer as isolated as it was when it started. And so Port Macquarie was established, and Newcastle closed in 1824. However, Port Macquarie experienced frequent successful escapes, and following an inspection by Commissioner Bigge it was determined that other colony stations be created, and emphasized the need for these convicts to be separated and isolated from the remaining population. As a consequence the Governor of Brisbane developed a penal station at Moreton Bay in 1825. Norfolk Island was also reoccupied, having been abandoned in 1813. The worst criminals were sent to Norfolk Island, and those guilty of lesser offences were transported to Moreton Bay.

Meanwhile in Van Dieman’s Land a penal station was first established in 1822 at Macquarie Harbour, as it was more difficult to escape from. Unfortunately there were issues with access to the Harbour, and so convicts with minor offenses were sent to another penal station established at nearby Maria Island in 1825. Due to escalating cost though, Lieutenant-=Governor Arthur decided to develop another colony, an din 1830 Port Arthur was established on the Tasman’s Peninsula, and in the closing of Macquarie Harbor and Maria Island1.

There was a distinct awareness among the governors of the settlements at this time that there was a clear need to portray transportation as an “object of terror,” to enable effective and efficient deterrence to future criminal activity in Britain 4,5,6. Subsequently, governors incorporated into their policies, statements that would substantiate the concept of transportation as an act “worse than death”. Thus, one of the primary objectives of the penal stations, was to deter others from committing crimes.

Another primary objective was for the convicts to be given constant employment, preferably in hard labor4. This was to enable a rigid form of discipline among the convicts, and to provide supervisors and governors with a way to systematically and in a standardized way to oversee the incarceration of the convicts. By way of isolation from the luxuries that were available to the settlements it was anticipated that the third objective could be met, which was reforming of character. As such, it was expected that a number of the transported convicts would become rehabilitate through isolation1, hard labor and the habit making of discipline, as well as perhaps learning new skills such as agriculture, and so return to society as a contributing member.

1 Reynolds, J (1982) The penal stations of New South Wales and Van Dieman’s Land. p. 356

4. Shannon. (1968) J.T.

testimonials icon
IMPORTANT: AFTER PURCHASE, OPEN THIS PAGE AGAIN AND SCROLL DOWN BELOW TO DOWNLOAD FILES WITH ANSWERS.LIBERTY UNIVERSITY BIB...
testimonials icon
Running Head: TERRORISMTerrorismStudents NameInstitutional AffiliationDateTERRORISMDomestic Terrorist AttacksTerrorism is the illegal use of attack a...
testimonials icon
Complete this week's assigned readings, chapters 59,68,70. After completing the readings, post a short reflection, approximately 1 paragraph in...
testimonials icon
Research Project DescriptionCompany BEING USED FOR ME IS NIKE.USE NIKE FOR THE PROJECTFINANCIAL RESEARCH PROJECT/Paper...
testimonials icon
Complete both discussion prompts this week: 1. Please find a poem in the textbook that uses a type of imagery other than v...
testimonials icon
CJS 240 Week 5 Checkpoint The Justice Systems (Appendix D)...
testimonials icon
Are you one of those who want to make your Facebook information public? This is completely new idea if you avail service as it will al...
testimonials icon
Help me finish a 400 words customer pain assignment. Describe a product or design issue in your life and how it pain you....
testimonials icon
Mining the Data Warehouse Uncategorized Accordin...
testimonials icon
Develop a 2 – 3 page paper reflecting on your experiences in your practicum.This reflection will include your activities present in the...

Other samples, services and questions:

Calculate Price

When you use PaperHelp, you save one valuable — TIME

You can spend it for more important things than paper writing.

Approx. price
$65
Order a paper. Study better. Sleep tight. Calculate Price!
Created with Sketch.
Calculate Price
Approx. price
$65